Congress MP Rahul Gandhi’s Bharat Jodo Yatra and Bharat Jodo Nyay Yatra, held one year apart, were designed as a voter outreach and an exercise to build Rahul Gandhi’s image. In the constituencies along the route of the two yatras, the Congress and its current INDIA bloc allies — many of whom had contested on their own in 2019 — gained 41 seats.

During the first yatra — from September 2022 to January 2023 — Rahul Gandhi addressed 12 public meetings, more than 100 street-corner meetings, and 13 press conferences. He covered over 4,000 km across 75 districts and 71 Lok Sabha constituencies in 12 states and two Union territories.

The yatra, which started from Kanyakumari and ended in Kashmir, passed through 71 Lok Sabha constituencies, of which the Congress contested 56 seats and won 23 this time. In 2019, it contested 65 of these seats and won 15. Meanwhile, the Congress’s INDIA bloc allies were in the fray in 14 of these seats this time and bagged six. In 2019, the allies contested four of the 71 seats and won two. The two constituencies of Srinagar (J&K) and Baghpat (Uttar Pradesh) were not contested by any of the INDIA bloc parties in 2019.

The second yatra covered 82 Lok Sabha constituencies from January 14 to March 16 this year. The Congress traveled from Imphal in Manipur to Mumbai in Maharashtra, a distance of almost 6,713 km, mostly by bus.

Of the 82 constituencies, the Congress contested 49 seats and won 17. In 2019, it had contested 71 constituencies but won just six. This time, the party gave 33 seats to its allies who won 18. Five years ago, these parties had contested 10 of these seats but failed to win any.

Festive offer

State-wise break-up

In Andhra Pradesh, where the first yatra traveled, the Congress failed to win the two seats covered. It had lost both in 2019 too.

In Delhi, covered by the first yatra, the Congress and its allies did not gain anything. It had contested five of the seats the yatra touched in 2019 and lost all. In 2024, it contested two seats out of the five, while the AAP contested the remaining three. The Alliance lost all five seats.

In Maharashtra, the impact of the first yatra was that out of six seats covered, the Congress and its allies won four seats in 2024. The UPA had lost all of them five years ago. The second yatra covered eight constituencies, of which the Maha Vikas Aghadi alliance won five this time. It had lost all in 2019.

In Haryana, where the first yatra covered five seats, the Congress lost all to the BJP in 2019. This time, it managed to win one of these constituencies.

In Himachal Pradesh, the first yatra passed through one seat. It went to the BJP in 2019. The Congress failed to win it this time too.

In J&K, four seats were covered during the first yatra. In 2019, the Congress contested three of these seats, leaving only Srinagar for Farooq Abdullah. It failed to win anything. In 2024, the Congress allied with the National Conference, which won two out of the four seats while the Congress lost the other two.

In Karnataka, where the first yatra covered seven seats, the Congress had won no seat when it contested five seats, while its ally JDS had won one seat out of the two it contested. In 2024, the Congress won three seats when it contested all seven seats.

In Kerala, where the first yatra traveled to 11 constituencies, the Congress won seven of the 10 seats it contested in 2019. One seat was won by ally IUML. In 2024, of the 11 seats, the Congress won seven seats while its allies won two constituencies.

In Madhya Pradesh, the Congress did not make any gains in the seven seats covered by the first yatra. All seven were won by the BJP in 2019 and 2024.

In Punjab, where the first yatra covered six seats, the Congress won four in 2019. This time, the Congress won five while one went to the AAP. Although national allies, the two parties did not contest together in the state this time.

In Rajasthan, the first yatra covered five constituencies. The Congress lost all these seats to the BJP in 2019 but managed to make a turnaround this time by winning three. The party touched two seats during the second yatra. It had lost both in 2019 and this time it managed to win one while its ally won the other.

In Tamil Nadu, the first yatra covered two seats. Both in 2019 and this time, the Congress bagged one while ally DMK won the other.

In Telangana, seven constituencies were covered in the first yatra. The Congress had won just one of these in 2019. It remained unchanged this time too.

In Uttar Pradesh, the first yatra covered three seats and the second yatra traveled through 20. The Congress’s performance here along with ally Samajwadi Party (SP) improved this time around. Of the three covered in the first yatra, the Congress lost all in 2019 while the SP won one this time. Of the 20 covered in the second leg, the Congress contested eight and won three seats while the SP contested 12 and won five covered in the second yatra.

In Gujarat, where the second yatra covered five constituencies, the BJP won all five seats in 2019 and retained them this time around.

In Bihar, the second yatra touched seven constituencies. The Congress contested four of these in 2019 while its allies fought three. The Congress won one while its allies could not win any. This time, Congress contested three seats winning them all. Its allies contested four seats and won two and lost two seats.

In West Bengal, the second yatra covered nine seats. In 2019, the Congress had fought all of them losing eight and winning one seat. This time, of the nine, the TMC won five, the BJP three, and the Congress bagged one seat. There was no alliance between the Congress and TMC in West Bengal this time.

In Assam, where the second yatra touched six seats, the Congress contested all six in 2019, winning two seats. In 2024, the Congress won three seats.

In Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, and Nagaland; the second yatra passed through five constituencies. In 2019, the Congress won just one of these seats. This time, the tally is up to three.

In Jharkhand, the second yatra covered seven seats. Of these, the Congress contested four in 2019 but failed to win any. This time, the Congress contested four and won one seat. Its allies contested three and won one seat.

In Odisha, the second yatra covered two seats. The Congress contested the two and lost both in 2019. The result was the same this time too.

In Chhattisgarh, the second yatra touched four seats. In 2019, the BJP won three and one went to the Congress. This time, the Congress fought all four and won just one seat.